Gregor Urbas

Gregor Urbas

Dr Gregor Urbas has been an Associate Professor at the University of Canberra since 2013. Prior to this he spent more than 10 years as a Lecturer / Senior Lecturer at the Australian National University. He has held other previous research positions at the Australian Institute of Criminology, the Law Council of Australia and IP Australia. He is internationally recognised for his expertise in cybercrime and intellectually property enforcement. He is married with three sons.

Dr Urbas is currently a Reader at Blackburn Chambers.

Called to the Bar

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02 6181 2098


Practice areas

Commercial law
Commercial leasing
Criminal law
Insolvency and bankruptcy
Property disputes
Residential tenancies


Books and chapters (last 15 years, selected)

  • Australian Uniform Evidence (with Fiona Hum et al), Oxford University Press, forthcoming in 2018
  • ‘Legal Aspects of Cybercrime‘, forthcoming in Research Handbook of Transnational Organised Crime in 2018
  • ‘Substantive and procedural legislation in Australia to combat webcam-related child sexual abuse’, forthcoming in Using Artificial Intelligence to Fight Live Online Sexual Abuse: The Case of Sweetie 2.0 (ed. S Van der Hof et al), in 2018
  • Biometrics, Crime and Security (with Marcus Smith and Monique Mann), Routledge, 2018
  • Cybercrime: Legislation, Cases and Commentary, LexisNexis, 2015
  • Cybercrime‘([130-2500]—[130-25205]) and ‘Homicide‘ ([130-3000]—[130-3695]), Halsbury’s Laws of Australia, LexisNexis, 2016 updates
  • ‘Complicity in Cyberspace: Doctrines of Accessorial Liability and Online Groups’, in Criminalisation and Criminal Responsibility in Australia (ed. T. Crofts and A. Loughnan), Oxford University Press, 2015; shorter version in Cybercrime Risks and Responses: Eastern and Western Perspectives (ed. R. Smith, R. Cheung and L. Lau), Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
  • ‘Online Child Exploitation and Responses’, in Information Society and Cybercrime: Challenges for Criminology and Criminal Justice (Proceedings of the World Crime Forum 2013), Korean Institute of Criminology / International Society for Criminology, Seoul, 2013
  • Resource Materials on Technology-Enabled Crime (with Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo), Technical and Background Paper No.28, Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra, 2008
  • An Overview of Cybercrime Legislation and Cases in Singapore, Asian Law Institute (ALSI) Working Paper Series no.1, December 2008
  • Criminal Appeals 1907–2007: Issues and Perspectives (ed. with Chris Corns), Law in Context, vol.26, no.1, Federation Press, 2008
  • ‘Cybercrime and Jurisdiction: An Australian Perspective’, (with Peter Grabosky), in Cybercrime and Jurisdiction: A Global Survey (ed. B.J. Koops and S. Brenner), IT and Law Series no.11, T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague, 2006
  • ‘Criminal Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights: Interaction Between Public Authorities and Private Interests’, in New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: IP and Cultural Heritage, Geographical Indications, Enforcement and Overprotection (ed. C. Heath and A. Kampermann Sanders), Studies in Industrial Property and Copyright Law, vol. 25, Hart Publishing, 2005
  • ‘Cybercrime Legislation in the Asia-Pacific Region’, in Cyber Crime: The Challenge in Asia (ed. R.G. Broadhurst and P.N. Grabosky), Hong Kong University Press, 2005
  • Cyber Criminals on Trial (with Russell Smith and Peter Grabosky), Cambridge University Press, 2004 (awarded Distinguished Foreign Book Prize by the American Society of Criminology, 2005)

Journal articles

  • ‘Children’s Unsworn Evidence: Historical Developments and Contemporary Issues’ (with Michael Harris), (2017) 40(4) University of NSW Law Journal 1392; and ‘Children’s Unsworn Evidence: the RP and GW Cases (with Michael Harris) forthcoming in Victoria University Law Journal
  • ‘Patterns of Sexual Behaviour: The Law of Evidence: Back to the Future in Australia and the UK’ (with Felicity Gerry QC and Catarina S. Knight), (2015) 11(1) International Commentary on Evidence 1
  • ‘Defining Intellectual Property Crime’ (with Michael Speck), (2013) 23(3) Australian Intellectual Property Journal 187
  • ‘Case Note: The High Court and The Admissibility of DNA Evidence: Aytugrul v The Queen [2012] HCA 15 (18 April 2012) ‘, (2012) 11(1) Canberra Law Review 89
  • ‘Case Note: Bui v Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions [2012] HCA 1 (9 February 2012)’, (2012) 14 Notre Dame Law Review 197
  • ‘Cybercrime, Jurisdiction and Extradition: The Extended Reach of Cross-Border Law Enforcement’, (2012) 16(1) Journal of Internet Law 7
  • ‘Copyright, Crime and Computers: New Legislative Frameworks For Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement’, (2012) 7(1) Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology 11
  • ‘Implementing US Anti-Fraud Laws in the Australian Pharmaceutical and Health Care Industries’ (with Thomas Faunce and Lesley Ann Skillen), (2011) 194(9) Medical Journal of Australia 474
  • ‘Recovering Fraudulent Claims for Australian Federal Expenditure on Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices’ (with Thomas Faunce, Lesley Ann Skillen and Marc Smith), (2010) 18(2) Journal of Law and Medicine 302
  • ‘Protecting Children From Online Predators: The Use of Covert Investigation Techniques by Law Enforcement’, (2010) 26(4) Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 410
  • ‘Obligations and Liability of ISPs as Guardians of Internet Content: Comparative Perspectives— Emerging schemes of civil and criminal liability for ISPs’ (with Kendra Fouracre), (2010) 15(2) Computer Law Review International 33
  • ‘Mobile and Wireless Technologies: Security and Risk Factors’ (with Tony Krone), Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, No. 329, November 2006, Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra
  • ‘Alert or alarmed? Recent legislative reforms directed at terrorist organisations and persons supporting or assisting terrorist acts’ (with Miriam Gani), (2004) 8(1) Newcastle Law Review 19
  • ‘DNA Evidence in Criminal Appeals and Post-Conviction Inquiries: Are New Forms of Review Required?’ (2002) 2(1) Macquarie Law Journal 141

 Conference presentations (last 10 years, selected)

  • ‘Automated Policing: The example of Sweetie 2.0’, Big Data, Law and Ethics Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, May 2017
  • ‘Covert Online Investigations into Child Exploitation’, Invited panel at TILTing Conference, Tilburg, Netherlands, May 2017
  • ‘Mobile Phones as Surveillance Devices’, Invited paper at TILTing Conference, Tilburg, Netherlands, May 2017
  • ‘Covert Online Surveillance of Child Predators: Exploring the Legal Boundaries’, British-Irish Law, Education and Technology Association (BILETA) Conference Braga, Portugal, April 2017
  • ‘Indefinite Sentencing and Non-release Recommendations in Australia’, Lifers in Prison Conference, Warsaw, Poland, March 2017
  • ‘Covert Online Surveillance of Child Predators: Exploring the Legal Boundaries’, (with Peter Grabosky), ANU-NJCA Evidence Conference, March 2017
  • ‘Webcam Child Sex Tourism (WCST): New Illicit Markets and Networks’, Illicit Networks Workshop, London, United Kingdom, December 2016
  • ‘Covert Investigation of Online Child Exploitation: New crimes, methods and challenges’, International Cybercrime and Computer Forensics Conference, Vancouver, Canada, June 2016
  • ‘Revenge Porn: A Comparative Analysis of Legislative Responses in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States’, National Crime Victims Conference, Portland, Oregon, June 2016
  • ‘Child Pornography Sentencing’, National Sentencing Conference, Australian National University, Canberra, February 2016
  • ‘Internet Safety and Children’ (with Children’s e-Safety Commissioner Alastair MacGibbon), South Pacific Council of Youth and Children’s Courts, ACT Court Buildings, September 2015
  • ‘Patterns of Sexual Behaviour: The Law of Evidence: Back to the Future in Australia and the UK’ (with Felicity Gerry QC), 5th International Conference on Evidence Law and Forensic Science, Adelaide, July 2015
  • ‘Balancing Privacy Interests and Law Enforcement Powers in Digital Search and Seizure: Consideration of recent Cases’, International Conference on Cybercrime and Computer Forensics, Taipei, Taiwan, September 2014
  • ‘Complicity in Cyberspace: Applying doctrines of accessorial liability to online groups’, International Conference on Cybercrime and Computer Forensics, Hong Kong, August 2013; International Serious and Organised Crime Conference, Brisbane, July 2013; Criminal Law Workshop, University of Sydney, February 2014
  • ‘Homicide, Victims and the Internet’ and ‘The Honeymoon Killer Case’, National Homicide Symposium and Victims of Crime National Conference, Adelaide, 25-27 September 2013
  • ‘Responding to Cyber-Attacks: The Role of Domestic and International Law’, ANU Ethics of Cybersecurity Workshop, Canberra, 5-6 August 2013
  • ‘Online Child Exploitation and Responses’, World Crime Forum, International Society of Criminology, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 20 June 2013
  • ‘Online Child Grooming and the Law Enforcement Response’ and ‘Sexting and Australian Teenagers: Finding an Appropriate Legal Response’ (with Kendra Fouracre), Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration (AIJA) Conference: Doing Justice For Young People in Australia and New Zealand, Brisbane, August 2012
  • ‘Responding to Fraud in the Australian Health, Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Sectors: Lessons from overseas models’, 15th International Business Research Conference, Sydney, 21-November 2011
  • ‘Children and the Criminal Law’, Children: Rights and Realities Workshop, Australian National University, Canberra, November 2011
  • ‘Criminal Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights in Australia: Assessing Recent Reforms’, 15th Biennial Copyright Law and Practice Symposium, Sydney, October 2011
  • ‘Regulating New Forms of Forensic DNA Profiling under Australian Legislation: Familial matching and DNA phenotyping’, Australian Institute of Judicial Administration (AIJA) Criminal Justice in Australia and New Zealand — Issues and Challenges for Judicial Administration Conference, Sydney, September 2011
  • ‘Legal Issues in Covert Online Investigations: The Example of Child Grooming’, 16th World Congress of the International Society for Criminology, Cybercrime: East Meets West – A Joint Production of Asian Criminological Society(ACS) and Association Internationale des Criminologues de Langue Française (AICLF), Kobe, Japan, August 2011
  • ‘The Prevalence of Botnets in China and Taiwan’ (with Yao-chung Chang), Defence, Science and Research Conference (DSR2011), Symposium on Cyber Terrorism, Suntec Convention and Exhibition Centre, Singapore, August 2011
  • ‘Law at the Interface Between Cybercrime and Terrorism: Analysis and Reform’, Defence, Science and Research Conference (DSR2011), Symposium on Cyber Terrorism, Invited Speaker and Chair of Session, Suntec Convention and Exhibition Centre, Singapore, August 2011
  • ‘Copyright, Crime and Computers: New Legislative Frameworks For Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement’, Lex Informatica 2011, Pretoria, South Africa, June 2011
  • International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Cyber Legislation Workshop, Invited presenter, Port Vila, Vanuatu, March 2011
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Expert Group on Cybercrime (Academic participant), Vienna, Austria, January 2011
  • ‘Between the Civil and the Criminal: Evidentiary issues in Health Care Fraud Recovery Proceedings in Australia and the United States’, 21st Century Challenges in Evidence Law: International and Comparative Perspectives, University of Sydney, September 2010
  • ‘Legalities of Covert Online Policing’, High Tech Crime Conference 2010, Sydney, September 2010